english grammar book

Balance of Commas

Commas are commonly used either too often or too little. It is a plague in a writer’s style when either of these instances happen. The…

Sentences Using Time Expressions

English expressions of time (those that indicate a specific time period during which certain events occur) generally follow the main rules of syntax, which you…

Past Perfect Subjunctive Tense

What is It? Using had + past verb (past particle) to express actions or events that could of happened or someone had wished had happened.…

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

What is It? The past perfect continuous tense is had been + a verb in passive voice (past particle). When to Use? Cases Examples *Show…

Past Habitual Tense

What is It? It deals with the verbs used to or would, or the simple past tense of a verb (I saw, you called). When…

How to Avoid Inconsistencies

What is Inconsistent Writing? Imagine you have written three chapters of your novel, describing the main character as a nice person with pleasant manners and…

Frequently Misused Words

What is Incorrect Word Usage? Along with words that are usually misspelled (such as “there” and “their,” for example) there is also a group of…

Typo Mistakes

What is a Typo? Any skilled writer is familiar with such a typical but pesky flaw as typos. A typo is often an entirely mechanical…

Possessive Nouns

What is a Possessive? We can guarantee you that you cannot speak the English language without using possessives (or possessive determiners). Possessives are everywhere, and…

Syntax in English

What is Syntax? Syntax is a crucial part of English grammar. In general, syntax is a system of principles used to organize words in sentences.…

Present Continuous Tense

What is It? The present continuous tense shows that an action or event is happening now and will be happening in the future as well.…

Past Continuous Tense

What is It? It shows unfinished actions in the past―such that have begun before now, and are still in process at the moment of speaking.…

Future Perfect Tense

What is It? Uses will have + a verb in the past tense (part particle) or am/is/are + going to have + a verb in…

How to Use Articles

What is It? An article is a type of adjective that is always used together with a noun and carries information about it. Articles are…

How to Use Colons 

What is a Colon Needed For? A colon (:) is a punctuation mark used to start any kind of enumeration or lists. It is also…

Past Simple Tense

What is It? The past simple tense is used to express the notion that an action began and was completed at a certain time in…

Past Perfect Tense

What is It? The past perfect is had + a verb in passive voice (past particle). When to Use? Cases Examples *Show how something happened…

Future Continuous Tense

What is It? Using will/won’t + be + verb (present particle) when you want to say an action will be in progress in the future…

Using Semicolons

The general rule with semicolons: before and after a semicolon, there needs to be independent clauses, or phrases that could be complete sentences. When to…

How to Use Commas

The general rule for commas is that we use them to make reading more understandable by separating parts of a sentence so that readers don’t…

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