Reading books and watching movies of all kinds, you may have seen a tendency for characters to break into powerful speeches that somehow culminate their personality development within the story. Those are called monologues. They are used in storytelling to reveal deep and raw insights into characters and show their inner conflict, worldviews, and motivations. If you decide to write a book or even a short story, you will most probably find creating a good monologue is a necessity. No need to worry though if you haven’t learned how to do it just yet. We are here to help you out and show you how to go about writing a monologue.

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Defining Personal Monologue

Before we start tearing apart the monologue format, let’s define what it even is. A monologue is a speech delivered by a single character in a play, film, or other narrative medium, which expresses their thoughts, and feelings, or offers insight into their motivations. 

Unlike a dialogue, where multiple characters interact through speech, a monologue involves only one speaking character and is directed towards the audience, another character, or to the speaker themselves. So, anytime a single person is sharing their thoughts and feelings without interruption, that’s a monologue.

🧐Different Types of Monologues

Monologues come in various forms. One of the most classic types is the soliloquy, often seen in Shakespeare’s plays, where a character speaks their thoughts aloud, usually while alone on stage, giving insight into their inner conflicts and emotions. Another type is the interior monologue, which can appear in a text or be spoken aloud, revealing a character’s internal thoughts and feelings. This is different from an inner monologue, which is more like a stream of consciousness. 

Different Types of Monologues

Then there’s the dramatic monologue, a poem or speech that reveals the character’s thoughts and feelings, indirectly showing their personality through their reflections on a situation.

Monologues aren’t always confined to fictional settings though. Think of a comedian delivering a routine, a musician performing a song that communicates personal thoughts, or a passionate speech in a vlog. These are all monologues in their own right as they offer a glimpse into the speaker’s mind.

✍️Monologue Structure

In essence, a monologue is structured like a mini-story. It has a beginning that hooks the audience, a middle that develops the character’s thoughts and emotions, and an end that should leave a strong impression. This structure allows for the monologue to be engaging and helps it reveal key aspects of the character or plot. So, whether you decide to write up a villain outlining their master plan or a heartfelt song in a musical, you can use monologues as a tool to drive the development of your characters and the narrative further.

What is the Purpose of a Monologue?

We talked about how monologues are used to show inner thoughts, emotions, and motivations but we didn’t yet establish why. They can indeed be written for various reasons. However, their key purpose is to open up a part of the character’s psyche in front of the audience. You see, dialogues with other characters only draw a part of the picture, as usually, people don’t show every part of themselves to others. That’s why you can truly bring the nuances of your heroes’ personalities to the top when you give them the central stage to speak their minds.

Aside from that, monologues can be used to provide background information, develop the character’s personality, and advance the plot more intimately and directly. They give the audience a unique glimpse into the character’s mind, making them more relatable and multi-dimensional. Monologues can also create dramatic tension, highlight key themes, and emphasize a character’s internal conflict. You can use this type of written speech to make the story more engaging and emotionally resonant to the audience, drawing viewers or readers into the character’s world and making the narrative more compelling.

How to Write a Monologue: Step By Step Guide

You know the types and key characteristics of the monologue, so now it’s time to move on to see how it is written. Disclaimer: the creative process doesn’t differ much from crafting any other type of narrative, but it does have a few quirks. 

Before sitting down in front of the document and starting to type, you need to choose a character from your story from which perspective you will be writing. Then, sketch down the purpose of the monologue and who or which issues it is going to address. Okay, now you are all set. So let’s start writing.

Determine the Monologue’s Goal

Start by identifying the purpose of your monologue. What is your character trying to express? Maybe it’s a thirst for power? Or angst about injustice? Maybe your character needs to express their joy about winning the lottery. The goal will shape the monologue’s tone, vocabulary, and delivery, so don’t skip this step.

It is also a good idea to focus on the core emotion driving the monologue and the character’s objective. Why did they decide to tell their truth at this particular point in your narrative? Remember, your monologue should also fit into the larger canvas of the story and feel like its natural and logical extension.

Explore the Character Thoroughly

Develop a deep understanding of the character delivering the monologue. Consider their background, personality, and relationship to the topic at hand. This makes the monologue feel authentic and consistent with the character’s established traits and behaviors.

To make sure you are staying on track with the character’s personality here, you can write a character biography. Use character development worksheets to detail traits, habits, and quirks. Besides, don’t forget to reflect on how the character’s past influences their current state.

How to Write a Monologue: Step By Step Guide

Determine the Monologue’s Audience

Now that you know your character and their motivation well enough it’s time to identify who they are addressing within the story. The audience could be another character, a group of characters, or even the character themselves. Knowing the audience helps tailor the monologue to fit the context and intended impact.

To do everything right, start by defining the audience’s relationship with the speaker. Consider writing a brief scene where the audience reacts to the monologue, just to see where it might leave your character.

Hook Listeners with a Powerful Beginning

Okay, we are over the preparation stages now and can start writing. The beginning of the monologue is very important as it needs to capture the audience’s full attention. It needs to be catchy but not trivial or too cheesy. You can start with a surprising statement, a poignant question, or a vivid description. Or, start in the middle of things to create instant engagement.

Whatever you do, you must engage the listeners (both inside your story and outside of it) right away and set the right tone for the speech. It is also necessary to provide enough context to ground the listener but keep it intriguing. 

Communicate Using Storytelling Techniques

As you surely move into the body of the monologue, use storytelling techniques to maintain interest. Use figurative language, build tension, and incorporate small twists to keep your narrative dynamic enough so that nobody yawns. Yet, make sure that the language and style are consistent with the character’s established voice. You can also try incorporating repetition for emphasis and to create a rhythmic flow. Generally, strive to lead the audience towards a climax, much like a well-constructed story.

End on a Strong Note

Finally, when you disclose all the necessary details and make your character say the main phrases it’s time to drive the monologue to an end. ​​Conclude with a definitive statement that clarifies the character’s next move or emotional state. The ending should tie up the monologue’s central theme and leave a lasting impression on the audience, providing a sense of closure and insight. You can use a powerful quote or decisive action to conclude and make the monologue memorable.


After completing your first draft, take time to revise. Focus on both the overall structure and the finer details. Tweak the content so that the monologue flows logically, maintains consistency with the character, and is free of grammatical errors. 

A good thing is to take a break before revising to return with fresh eyes. It is also a brilliant idea to read the monologue aloud to catch awkward phrasing and improve rhythm. A polished monologue is key to delivering its intended impact effectively.

Tips to Becoming a Monologue Writer

You have all the basic stuff figured out now. And that means you can start writing already! Nonetheless, these are not ALL the details to consider. We have a few extra tips and tricks in our pocket that might help you craft monologues even more effectively.

Tips to Becoming a Monologue Writer
  1. Keep it Concise
    While monologues often serve as extended speeches, avoid unnecessary details. Focus on what’s important to the character and the story. Edit ruthlessly so that each line serves a purpose and has an impactful influence both on the audience and character.
  2. Strategic Placement
    Monologues are powerful tools in storytelling, but overusing them can dilute their effect. Space them out thoughtfully within your narrative. This makes each monologue stand out and maintains the audience’s interest.
  3. Use Vivid Details
    Avoid generalities that make monologues forgettable. Try to use specific sensory details to paint bright images in the audience’s mind. This not only makes the monologue more captivating but also helps to anchor it in the story’s reality.
  4. Study Great Monologues
    Learning from the masters is invaluable. Read and watch famous monologues, such as those by Shakespeare, to understand their structure and emotional depth. This practice can give you inspiration and insight into effective techniques.
  5. Write in the Character’s Voice
    Authenticity is key. The monologue needs to reflect the character’s unique voice, influenced by their background, personality, and circumstances. This helps keep the narrative consistent and believable.
  6. Clear Structure
    A well-structured monologue should have a definite beginning, middle, and end. Start with a hook, develop the central theme or conflict, and conclude with a strong, impactful statement. This gives the monologue a satisfying arc.
  7. Revise Diligently
    First drafts are rarely perfect. Revise your monologue multiple times to polish the language, refine the character’s voice, and keep the overall logic. Pay attention to pacing and emotional buildup to maximize impact.


Monologues may now seem more complicated than before you knew how to write them. But don’t let all these details stop you from creating compelling speeches. Writing a monologue can be a rewarding journey that deepens your understanding of characters and storytelling. With all the tips and techniques we presented in this article, you are certainly well-equipped to craft powerful monologues that power your narrative and bring your characters’ inner worlds to life. 


How do I start a monologue?

To start a monologue you need to dive into your character. You can even imagine yourself as them. Begin by understanding who your character is, what they want, and what’s driving them. Imagine their emotions and thoughts, then let them flow naturally onto the page. Think of it as giving your character a private moment to spill their guts.

What are the 7 steps to write a monologue?

There are a few key steps to writing a monologue: 

  1. understand your character deeply
  2. decide on the purpose of the monologue
  3. choose a point in the story where it fits naturally
  4. draft the opening lines to grab the attention
  5. build up to a climax
  6. end with a strong, memorable conclusion
  7. revise and polish to make it sound just right.

What is the structure of a monologue?

A monologue typically has a clear beginning, middle, and end. It starts with an engaging opening to hook the audience, moves into the core where the character’s main thoughts and emotions are expressed, and wraps up with a powerful conclusion designed to leave a lasting impression.

What makes a great monologue?

A great monologue is one that feels authentic and connects deeply with the audience. It should reveal something important about the character, showcase their unique voice, and be packed with emotion. Whether it’s funny, sad, or intense, it needs to keep the audience engaged from start to finish.

What are the 3 types of monologue?

There are generally three types of monologues: 

  1. dramatic monologues, where the character speaks in a highly emotional context;
  2. comedic monologues, which are lighter and often humorous; 
  3. and interior monologues, which delve into the character’s inner thoughts and feelings.

How short can a monologue be?

A monologue can be as short as a single, powerful paragraph. The length doesn’t matter as much as the impact it has. As long as it effectively communicates the character’s emotions and thoughts, even a brief monologue can be incredibly compelling.

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