A well-executed summary is a needed skill in both academic and professional settings, serving to condense the main points of a text or presentation. However, the power of a summary is not just in its brevity or clarity but also in how it concludes. An impactful conclusion can improve the reader’s understanding and retention of the material, making it crucial to master this aspect of summarization.

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What is a Summary?

At its core, a summary is a concise distillation of the main elements of a text, that highlights the main points and the overarching message of the author. It serves to inform or remind the reader of everything important without engaging with the full text. Summarizing does not simply mean selecting which details to include but also in how those details are connected to each other and how they reflect the original work.

Why Do You Need a Summary Conclusion?

The conclusion of a summary is more than just an ending. It serves to clearly summarize the key points, reaffirming the author’s principal message so that the reader has a clear idea of the text’s central concepts.

The fundamental purpose of the summary conclusion is to succinctly encapsulate the main ideas or themes of the original text, reinforcing the author’s primary message or thesis.

A well-written conclusion helps to tie together the summary’s components and provides a final synthesis of the text’s major arguments or results. It’s more important than one may assume what becomes evident from the functions this conclusion performs:

  • Captures Key Ideas. The conclusion serves to encapsulate the primary ideas or themes of the text, so that the reader leaves with a clear understanding of the most crucial points.
  • Stresses the Author’s Message. It reinforces the author’s central message or thesis, providing a final emphasis on the text’s main argument or purpose. This reinforcement helps to solidify the reader’s understanding of the text’s significance.
  • Helps to Remember. By summarizing the main points, the conclusion helps with memory retention, making it easier for the reader to recall the text’s key information after reading.
  • Provides Closure. The conclusion provides a sense of closure to the summary, tying together the discussed points and offering a concise end that prevents the summary from feeling incomplete.
  • Invites Further Reflection. Finally, a well-crafted conclusion can invite further reflection on the text’s themes or arguments. The reader might be encouraged to consider the implications or applications of the summarized material.

Key Elements of a Summary Conclusion

Writing an effective conclusion to a summary involves several rather important elements:

Restatement of Main Points Begin by briefly restating the most crucial points covered in the summary. This repetition should not be verbatim but rather a concise rephrasing that reinforces the summary’s main ideas.
Reference to the Author’s Final Argument or Thesis A nod to the author’s concluding thoughts or overarching thesis can serve to underscore the text’s central argument, providing closure and reinforcing the summary’s purpose.
Incorporation Tips When integrating these elements, aim for brevity and clarity. Avoid introducing new information or digressing from the main points established in the summary.

Strategies for Effective Summary Writing

To write effective summaries, you have to first thoroughly understand the original text, as this understanding will help you to focus on conveying the most relevant points clearly and concisely. Clarity in your writing is paramount. Making sure your conclusion effectively captures the main ideas of the text is not just necessary; it’s the whole point. This approach demonstrates a good grasp of the material and shows an ability to communicate its main ideas or principles. This way, your summaries will not only be clear and concise but will also accurately reflect the core of the original text.

The sample summary and its conclusion below follow the guide’s recommendations by clearly restating the main points of the research, emphasizing the author’s primary message, and improving the reader’s comprehension of the material without introducing new information. Check it out:

Summary of “The Effects of Urban Green Spaces on Mental Health” by Dr. Emily Hart

In her pivotal research, “The Effects of Urban Green Spaces on Mental Health,” Dr. Emily Hart explores the significant impact that urban greenery has on the well-being of city dwellers. Through extensive analysis, Hart demonstrates a clear correlation between regular access to parks and gardens and improvements in mental health, including reduced symptoms of stress and anxiety. The study highlights several key mechanisms behind this effect, such as the enhancement of physical activity, social interaction, and the reduction of urban noise and air pollution. Hart’s findings advocate for urban planning policies that prioritize green spaces, suggesting that such investments can yield substantial public health benefits.

In summarizing Dr. Hart’s research, it becomes evident that urban green spaces play a crucial role in enhancing mental health among urban populations. By succinctly restating the research’s main findings—that access to greenery can significantly lower stress and anxiety levels—this summary underlines the importance of integrating parks and gardens into urban landscapes. Dr. Hart’s call for policy changes underscores the need for cities to evolve in ways that prioritize the well-being of their inhabitants. Thus, her study not only sheds light on an often-overlooked aspect of urban planning but also emphasizes the broader implications for public health policy. This conclusion serves to encapsulate the essence of Hart’s research while reinforcing its message, aiding the reader’s understanding and highlighting the significance of green spaces in urban mental health.


How long should a summary conclusion be?

The length of a summary conclusion varies depending on the overall length of the summary itself but generally should be concise—a few sentences to a short paragraph. The goal is to succinctly encapsulate the main points and reinforce the author’s message without introducing new information.

Can I introduce new information in the summary conclusion?

No, the conclusion of a summary is not the place to introduce new information. Its purpose is to recap the main ideas presented in the summary, reinforcing the original text’s key points and the author’s primary message to aid in the reader’s comprehension and retention.

Should I mention the author’s name in the summary conclusion?

Yes, referencing the author’s name in the conclusion can help reinforce the source of the main ideas and arguments you’ve summarized. It provides clarity on the origin of the information and emphasizes the credibility of the summary.

Is it necessary to quote directly from the original text in the conclusion of a summary?

While not necessary, a brief, impactful quote can be effective in emphasizing a critical point or the author’s thesis in the conclusion. However, it’s important to ensure that the quote complements the summary’s main points without overwhelming the conclusion’s succinct nature.

Can the summary conclusion include a call to action or personal reflection?

Generally, the conclusion of a summary should avoid personal reflections or calls to action, as the goal is to objectively convey the original text’s main points and significance. However, in specific contexts like a summary for a persuasive article, you might briefly mention the author’s call to action, provided it directly relates to the summarized main points.

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