There are numerous well-trodden ways for modern citizens to be distracted from their stress by external measures. Alcohol, chemical drugs, cigarettes, marijuana, the Internet, TV shows, video games, and many other legal and illegal forms of diversion can alleviate stress—if not only temporarily. Many of these occupations cause heavy addiction, though. The strongest instances of addiction occur when individuals intake illegal drugs. Almost all of them are dangerous for a human’s physical and psychological health. Back in the 1990s, cocaine was treated as the most dangerous drug, but recent studies reveal a surprising fact that nicotine can be considered the most addictive drug of the 21st century (Lawrence, 2002).
A drug, in a general sense, is a substance with certain chemical properties that has the ability to disrupt the functions of an individual’s body. It can be used for treatment, diagnosis or for recreational activities. Some kinds of drugs can also affect the nervous system of a person’s body and prove to be quite dangerous; the most hazardous are those which are listed under the category of psychoactive drugs. These are substances with chemical properties that affect or modify brain functions and result in changed behavior, frame of mind, and deviations in thought processes. One of such psychoactive drugs is the well-known and legal nicotine.
People can take in nicotine from many natural sources, mostly in doses which are not malignant for human health. However, consuming nicotine through cigarettes, cigars, or by smoking pipes is quite different. Doctor Richard Lawrence observed that numerous harmful effects of nicotine were consumed by farmers through tobacco leaves (Lawrence, 2002). Nicotine can be found in many food products, and in small amounts it does not cause harm; however, despite being legal, nicotine is extremely addictive, and leads to strong psychological and physical addiction (Shaw, 2001). Research on popular addictive drugs also place nicotine at the top of the most dangerous drugs list. Nicotine is on the same alignment with the harmful effects caused by cocaine, morphine, or alcohol (Michaelshouse.com). The most common symptoms attributed to nicotine’s abuse are anxiety, sleeping disorders, a lack of concentration, irritability, and severe headaches. Pure nicotine is extremely poisonous, and may even cause death.
One positive factor is that nicotine addiction can be effectively treated. There are many means used in replacement therapy to treat this addiction. Among the most popular ways are nicotine-containing chewing gum, inhalers, nasal sprays, and skin patches. It is extremely important for nicotine addicts who want to achieve long-lasting soberness to join treatment programs, otherwise the ailment may return and will cause even more harm to patients.
Among many drugs that are present on the market today, nicotine may be called the most dangerous one to human beings. Due to the fact that nicotine is legal, cigarettes and other products which contain nicotine can be easily purchased at almost every public market. Nicotine as a psychoactive drug forms a strong addictiveness, and has such negative effects on its user as anxiety, sleeping disorders, a lack of concentration, irritability, and severe headaches. Nowadays, one of the most effective ways to treat addiction to nicotine is replacement therapy, when a patient consumes products with low levels of nicotine in them, such as special chewing gums, nasal sprays, inhalators, or skin patches.
F. Shaw, B. (2001). Addiction and Recovery For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons.
Lawrence Miller, R. (2002). The Encyclopedia of Addictive Drugs. United States of America: Greenwood Publishing Group, pp. 18-19.
Michaelshouse.com (2011). A Surprising Look at the Most Addictive Drugs in the World | Michael’s House. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.michaelshouse.com/drug-addiction/most-addictive-drugs-world/ [Accessed: 15 Feb 2013].
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