TLDR 

This video by Chelsea Seaburn, titled “Smart Student,” is a comprehensive tutorial on creating an APA 7th edition reference list. It covers the basic elements of an APA reference (author, date, title, source), explains the two formatting patterns (italic title and italic source), and provides detailed examples of referencing various sources like web pages, journal articles, newspapers, and magazine articles. The video includes useful tips for dealing with missing elements in a reference and highlights the importance of the page setup and formatting for the reference list, including the use of hanging indents and double spacing. The tutorial is designed to simplify and clarify the process of APA referencing, making it more accessible for students and researchers.

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This article is a summary of a YouTube video “APA Format 7th Edition: Reference Page Tutorial (Websites, Journals, Magazines, Newspaper Articles)” by Smart Student

Key insights

  • Four Core Elements of APA References: Every APA reference should include the author, the date of publication, the title of the work, and the source. These elements are foundational to correctly citing any type of source in APA format.
  • Two Formatting Patterns: APA references use either an italic title or an italic source formatting pattern. Works that stand alone (like books and web pages) use the italic title pattern, while works that are part of a greater whole (like journal articles) use the italic source pattern.
  • Handling Missing Reference Elements: The video provides guidance on what to do when a reference element like the author or date is missing, a common occurrence in academic referencing.
  • Page Setup and Formatting: The reference page must start on a new page, follow the same font and double-spacing as the rest of the paper, and use a hanging indent format. The word “References” should be bolded and centered at the top of the page.
  • Citing Different Types of Sources: Detailed examples are provided for citing various types of sources, including web pages, journal articles, newspapers, and magazine articles. This includes nuances such as how to format multiple authors, how to handle sources without certain elements like a DOI, and how to correctly format dates and titles.

Timestamped Summary

  • 0:00 – 0:26 – Introduction by Chelsea Seaburn, explaining the purpose of the video and how to use it effectively, including utilizing timestamps in the video description for navigation.
  • 0:26 – 1:44 – Overview of the video’s content, mentioning the inclusion of a printable document for easier follow-along, and clarifying that this tutorial focuses on APA 7th edition reference lists, covering the basics of APA references, different formatting patterns, and examples of citing web pages, journal articles, newspapers, and magazine articles.
  • 1:44 – 2:51 – Explanation of the foundation of an APA reference, which consists of four elements: author, date, title, and source. Clarification on what to do if a source element is missing and the importance of a source being retrievable by the reader.
  • 2:51 – 7:50 – Discussion on the formatting of APA references, outlining the two formatting patterns (italic title or italic source) and explaining how to structure references in a list according to these patterns.
  • 7:50 – 8:33 – Page setup instructions for the reference list, including starting on a new page, following the same formatting as the rest of the paper, and how to type and format the word “References.”
  • 8:33 – 24:39 – Detailed examples of how to cite various types of sources, such as web pages with individual or group authors, journal articles with one or multiple authors, and magazine and newspaper articles. Emphasis on specific formatting details like author names, publication dates, titles, and source information including DOIs and URLs.

Q&A

What are the four essential elements of an APA reference?

Every APA reference must include the author, date of publication, title of the work, and the source. Understanding these elements is crucial for proper APA formatting.

How do I format a reference if a key element like the author or date is missing?

The tutorial explains specific guidelines for instances when a reference element is missing. Generally, alternative notations like “n.d.” (no date) or other APA-specified methods are used.

What are the two formatting patterns in APA 7th edition references?

APA references follow either an italic title or an italic source formatting pattern. The pattern depends on whether the work stands alone (like a book or web page) or is part of a larger work (like a journal article).

How should the reference page be set up in an APA-formatted document?

The reference page should start on a new page, maintain the same font and double-spacing as the rest of the paper, and use a hanging indent format. “References” should be bolded and centered at the top of the page.

How do I correctly cite web pages, journal articles, newspapers, and magazine articles in APA format?

The tutorial provides detailed examples for citing these sources, emphasizing the importance of correctly formatting each element (author, date, title, source) and the nuances in citing different types of publications.

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