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editingEditing is an essential part of the writing process. While you might have expressed brilliant ideas in your piece of writing, if many technical errors are included and your writing is not organized, your point will not reach your readers. In order for others to see your concepts clearly, you should trim your writing so that it becomes perfect not only in its content, but also in its technical performance.

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Steps of the Editing Process

  1. Print out what you have written. Though it may seem that editing on a computer is a better option, this is hardly the truth for relatively small amounts of text; the main reason for this is that a hard copy allows you to simultaneously see the original and the edited version and compare them with ease.
  2. Read your writing out loud, but don’t do it monotonously. Read with passion, with inflections and accents, as if you were giving a speech in front of your target audience. This way you will know how your text sounds, whether your arguments make sense, or whether the text includes the information you wanted to convey. Furthermore, this method allows you to catch phrases that sound awkward and that could be modified.
  3. Moving from generalities to particulars, read the work once again, checking the syntax of your sentences and their length. Syntax is what makes your phrases flow and sound clear, so pay special attention to it.
  4. Check your piece of writing for grammatical and punctuation mistakes, as well as typos, non-exacting vocabulary, the overuse of passive voice, and other possible errors.
  5. Read the text aloud once again to check out how the enhanced version of your original piece of writing sounds. Repeat the aforementioned procedures if necessary.

Key Points to Consider

  1. Lengthy sentences are more difficult to understand. Thus, you should consider the possibility of trimming such sentences by breaking them into two or even three smaller ones and removing unnecessary words.
  2. A dense block of text may be extremely difficult to comprehend, not only because the information may be complicated, but also due to the psychological effect that lengthy paragraphs have on readers.
  3. You may like how specific terms or complicated words sound, but readers most likely will not share your enthusiasm. The best you can do is to try to explain difficult material in simple words. Replace long phrases with short ones to slim the word count down.
  4. A successful piece of writing does not overuse passive voice. When proofreading and editing your paper, most of it should be written in an energetic, active voice.

Do and Don’t


  • Do edit your text not all at once, but rather in short blocks of time. This will help you keep your concentration and attention, because if you try to handle all of your work at one time, you will most likely miss a number of crucial errors.
  • Do find a quiet place to work on your text. External irritants, such as noise or other people walking around, can greatly distract you from editing. Set a time limit when you won’t be bothered, and find a place where you can be alone, and only then start editing.
  • Do imagine you see the text for the first time. People who read your text for the first time usually tend to notice more errors than you did. Therefore, imagine you are this kind of person; try to stay benevolent, but at the same time objective and maybe even criticizing.
  • Do give yourself enough time for editing. If you leave editing for the last minute, you will not only find a few mistakes, but possibly make new ones.

  • Don’t edit while writing. Though it may seem that editing a sentence immediately after writing it down is more efficient and saves you time, in reality this is the opposite of the truth: not only do you distract yourself from writing, but you don’t see the whole picture as well—thus, the text will still need to be edited after you finish writing.
  • Don’t leave clever-sounding word constructions be. The smarter you sound, the less likely your readers will understand you. Explaining difficult material in simple words, not flowery language, is a sign of writing wisdom.
  • Don’t hesitate to ask your friends or people you trust to read your writing. In most cases, a fresh look from another perspective is invaluable.
  • Don’t edit on a computer; print out a hard copy. Only after you make all the corrections manually, you can then insert them into an electronic document.

Common Mistakes

– Missing repetitions. This mistake is especially popular among those writers who prefer not to print out their pieces of writing, but to edit right on the computer. Sometimes, when you erase a sentence, some small part of it may stay intact and unnoticed by you.

– Overuse of filler words. If a word does not contribute to a sentence in a valuable way, you can cut it.

– Treating editing as a process not worth much attention, and thus leaving it for the last minute or even completely ignoring this part of the writing process.

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