A narrative essay is a form of academic writing that is built around a narration of a certain event or situation. It is a short form of a narrative novel. Its main objective is to tell a story that it is both engaging and interesting for the reader. A narrative essay, more than any other type of essay, allows you to be creative as a writer.
Though a narrative essay might seem like a short story, narrative essays focus on personal experience, and is therefore non-fiction.
Steps for Writing a Narrative Essay
- Decide on a plot. You should never start writing your narrative essay before you come up with the plot for it.
- Do a sketch of events you plan to show in chronological order.
- When starting your introduction, begin by setting the scene for the situation you will narrate about. Here it is best to go into details and make the imagery as vivid and colorful as possible so that the readers will be able to clearly picture the setting in their minds.
- As you go into the main body paragraphs, narrate the story. Try to develop the plot gradually, starting from smaller events or incidents that lead to the main scene.
- Write the main body paragraphs in accordance with the structure you chose when making an outline – either block or point-by-point arrangement.
- Narrate the main scene of your story. Use as many details and emotional descriptions as you can to portray the story in full. Draw the reader into the events by evoking feelings and describing reactions of the characters of your story.
- End your story. Here you can appeal to the senses, moods and feelings of your characters, describing the consequences of the narrated events.
- Lay your work aside for some time and then do a thorough proofreading.
There are endless topics you can choose from for your story. With narrative essays being a creative type of writing, you have a unique opportunity to choose the ideal topic to narrate about. It should be about a concept or event that you find interesting – otherwise it will be difficult to make it intriguing for your readers.
Your story must be based on what you have experienced personally. This means that your personal experiences can be elaborated on or expanded on. It can be narrated in the first or the third person.
Key Points to Consider
- Start your essay by deciding upon the genre of your writing.
- If you find it difficult to start your essay, or cannot seem to come up with the story you want to convey, try to approach the process of writing with a “question-and-answer method.” Start asking yourself basic questions about the future story and slowly move onto more detailed questions as you develop the plot. For example, start with “Where did the event happen?” and “Who was involved in the situation?” moving onto “What were the consequences of this event?” and “What were the reactions of people involved?”
- With a narrative essay being a rather informal type of essay writing, keep in mind that even though you are telling a story to your readers, you are not exactly doing it the way you would say it in person. When a narrative essay is too conversational and simplistic, it can hardly be considered a successful one. You need to find a balance between telling a story in an interesting manner while keeping your writing stylistically beautiful.
- Evidence can be supported by a hypothesis. You, as an author, can give an alternative description of events the way they could have happened if some characters acted differently.
- To experiment with your writing style and make your narrative essay more unique, you can use a literary technique called ‘flashback narration.’ You can start your story from a particular point in time (usually an event that is extraordinary and exciting), and then move back to the events that lead to the described situation.
- Try to express yourself more creatively and figuratively. Like, instead of just saying “a very old man entered the room,” you could say “a grey-haired man with a thick beard opened the door, his hands slightly trembling from age, and stepped inside with a heaviness as if he was engrossed in profound thought.”
- With the narrative essay giving you a certain freedom to experiment with words, you can use interesting and unusual word combinations to make your writing more creative. An example of this would be using action verbs with inanimate objects, or giving animals, plants or natural phenomena certain human qualities.
Dos and Don’ts
Common Mistakes When Writing a Narrative Essay
- Switching from first person to the third as you narrate.
- Using slang words is an acceptable stylistic technique when you integrate it into the words of your characters (in case it goes in line with the picture you want to create), but it is never a sound idea for indirect speech.
- Overloading your sentences with verbs so that you focus too much on the action and fail to construct the full picture. Always try to combine a moderate usage of verbs with adjectives and adverbs to balance your writing.
Now that you have acquainted yourself with the basic narrative essay writing tips and rules, you can check out our narrative essay samples to link theory with practice.