Over 50% of UK undergraduates are now using artificial intelligence to aid them in their essay writing, according to a recent survey by the Higher Education Policy Institute (Hepi). This growing trend is also extending to teachers who are exploring AI’s potential to ease their workload.

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Key Takeaways:

  • More than half of UK undergraduates are using AI for essay assistance, but awareness about AI limitations is lacking among students.
  • Teachers are exploring AI to ease their workloads and enhance teaching materials.
  • Balancing the benefits and challenges of AI in education is crucial to ensure responsible and effective integration.

Technology continues to shape the way we learn and teach. The Hepi survey reveals a significant shift in how students and educators are embracing AI tools for academic purposes.

The Growing Use of AI in Education

The Hepi survey, encompassing responses from over 1,000 UK undergraduates, sheds light on the increasing reliance on AI by students. A staggering 53% of respondents admitted to using AI to generate content for their assignments. Among them, one in four students utilizes applications like Google Bard or ChatGPT to suggest essay topics, while one in eight uses AI to create actual content. However, the survey also showed that only a small fraction (5%) confessed to copying and pasting unedited AI-generated text into their work.

More Than Half of UK Undergraduates Turn to AI for Essay Assistance
Image: hepi.ac.uk

Dr. Andres Guadamuz, an intellectual property law expert at the University of Sussex, emphasized the importance of addressing this AI-driven shift in education. He advocates for open conversations with students about the use of generative AI, citing concerns about potential inaccuracies in AI-generated content and the risk of “hallucinations” in the form of invented statistics, citations, or book titles.

It’s not just students who are turning to AI. Teachers are also exploring the possibilities it offers. The Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) is spearheading a research project aimed at incorporating AI into lesson planning, teaching materials, exams, and model answers. This initiative seeks to streamline teachers’ tasks and potentially enhance the quality of education.

Gillian Keegan, the education secretary, believes that AI could alleviate the burdens of marking and planning for teachers, allowing them to focus on more critical aspects of their profession. The project involves 58 schools in England, with half of them receiving a toolkit to create AI-generated assessment materials and tailor lessons for specific student groups. Independent experts will evaluate the effectiveness of AI-generated lesson plans.

Challenges and Concerns

While the adoption of AI in education offers numerous advantages, it also presents challenges and concerns. One significant issue is the lack of awareness among students about the limitations of AI. Approximately one in three students using AI admitted to not knowing how often it “hallucinates” by inventing information to fill gaps in content. This highlights the need for education institutions to provide guidance and establish clear guidelines regarding the use of AI as a study tool.

Moreover, as AI usage becomes more prevalent, there is a concern that students might rely too heavily on these tools, potentially stifling their critical thinking and creativity. Dr. Guadamuz points out that AI-generated essays can often be identified by their “boring” writing style, leading to concerns about the quality of work produced by students who excessively depend on AI.

The EEF’s project offers an opportunity to gauge the practical impact of AI in education. The results will provide valuable insights into how AI can transform the roles of teachers and improve the overall quality of education.


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