Writing a Conclusion

EssayconclusionSometimes writers do not pay proper attention to the concluding part of their work, considering it to be rather a formality than a necessity. In reality, a proper conclusion is as important as a thoroughly composed introduction, as it must synthesize your central points and leave readers hungry for more knowledge that pertains to your main topic. The main purpose of a conclusion is to show major points, theories, and data that you have covered in the main body section of your paper. Hence, you should pay close attention to how you write a conclusion.

Steps for Writing

- Read through your paper carefully; pay attention to the thesis statement and the main points that you cover in the main body.

- Restate and rewrite the main points and the thesis statement without changing their meaning. This is needed so that the conclusion does not look like a repetition of the main body sentences.

- Think of the ways the information in the conclusion is important for readers and formulate it in 1-2 brief sentences.

- Write the concluding paragraph; remember that it should be short and clear. The last sentence of the concluding sentence is as significant as the thesis statement in the introduction.

- Make sure that the conclusion covers your thesis statement, the main points, shows the importance of the material in the paper, and has a finishing touch. Proofread and edit it, if necessary.

Key Points to Consider

- Generally speaking, a good conclusion should answer the question “So what?” The conclusion must show how (or why) all the analysis and all the data in your paper is relevant to the daily lives of your readers. Basically, the conclusion is a reversed introduction: it transits readers back to the reality out of your paper.

- In a classical 5-paragraph essay, a conclusion is usually one paragraph long; however, in long essays and other papers (about 2500 words and more) it is often reasonable to write at least two concluding paragraphs in order to summarize everything properly.

- There exist several popular ways to finish the ending paragraph. You can insert a call to action to give your readers a prompt for what to do next with the information from your paper; you can appeal to them personally by asking rhetorical questions or their opinion on the topic; or you can think of your own way to make the ending even more provocative. The choice is up to you.

- The conclusion is your final say in the subject, so it should leave a feeling of closure.

Do and Don’t


  • Write your conclusion from specifics to practical application. This means that you might want to show your readers how the information summarized in your conclusion could be practical for them in their daily lives.
  • Mention your thesis statement in the conclusion to put it together with the main body section points. This way your audience will see the connection easier.
  • Write in a confident manner. Your audience should see that you are assured in the opinion that you state, otherwise readers will hardly be convinced with what you have written.
  • Use a quotation of a famous person regarding your topic. It is a nice way to make your conclusions on the subject more credible and authoritative.
  • Keep it concise. Unless you write an extended essay of 3500 words, a one-paragraph conclusion is perfect for the majority of cases.

  • Include any new information in the conclusion.
  • Simply repeat all the thesis and points from the main body of your paper; instead, you should rewrite them; synthesizing and combining your points will help you show that they are not random but logically interconnected.
  • Use transition words and phrases like “in conclusion,” “in a nutshell,” “in summary,” “in closing,” and so on. Make a transition to a conclusion unobvious, and your paper’s ending will look more professional and smooth.
  • Use words which indicate your uncertainty about your final opinion on the subject. “Most likely,” “perhaps,” “probably,” “I guess,” “If I am not mistaken” – these and other similar markers are taboos in conclusions.
  • Rush to finish your paper as quickly as you can. Think over your conclusion thoroughly. The final impression is usually as strong as the first one.

Common Mistakes

- Restating your thesis statement without any changes.

- Being too vague and forgetting to summarize your main ideas.

- Repeating the points from the main body without synthesizing them.

- Using cliche transition words and phrases.


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