Nearly every individual has faced a personal issue in the way of receiving an unsatisfactory quality of goods or services, flagrant violations, or were infringed upon in regard to their consumer rights. To prevent unpleasant events from happening again, and to save other people from similar inconveniences, people write letters of complaint to the appropriate authorities. Complaint letters often facilitate the process of an efficient resolution of a problem.
Steps for Writing a Complaint Letter
- You should clearly understand the problem.
- After writing a formal heading and greeting, state the reason why you are writing your letter to the authorities. Inform your addressee about your reaction to certain events or products.
- Describe your problem. First, use a description of that issue that you think is appropriate and then provide some detailed background information; describe the circumstances that resulted in your dissatisfaction. Then, expand on the effects and consequences that the problem had—show what damage you’ve suffered.
- After you’ve described your problem, you must state what exactly you want your addressee to do in accordance with the situation. You can ask them to investigate the situation to identify those responsible for it, demand compensation, ask for some corrections, and so on. Optionally, you can add a warning; this may be a threat to have a trial in regard to the case, break a business partnership, or perform other actions that are undesirable for the addressee.
- Write a closing for your letter. Be polite here; express your hope for a peaceful and mutually beneficial resolution of the situation or your regrets about such an unfortunate misunderstanding.
Some possible reasons for submitting a complaint letter are:
- poor quality of purchased products or provided services
- laziness of officials
- unfair treatment
- misconduct of the authorities at the workplace
- domination of children by teachers at school
- infringement of rights
Key Points to Consider
- What is important to remember about writing and sending complaint letters is that they should be done on time. This is especially crucial if your complaint refers to products which are covered within a warranty period. Products purchased through the Internet often have time limits, during which a customer may demand a return or replacement of defected parts.
- A complaint letter that is written in a concise manner and straight to the point is better than a long one that is filled with unnecessary details. Complaint letters are often written in short paragraphs and the length of a whole letter is usually no longer than one page.
- It may take some time for your complaint to be satisfied, so expecting immediate results is unreasonable. However, specifying an exact date by which you will wait for a response, or expect the problem to be resolved, will play in your favor.
- In the case of several complaint letters being sent to resolve a single issue and your desired results are still not met, write to someone who is higher in the chain of command and mention the inactivity of those of the lower ranks.
Do and Don’t
Common Mistakes When Writing a Complaint Letter
- Being vague. Since a complaint letter is an important document that can sometimes even be used in court cases when you choose to go to the law in order to solve your problem, be as specific as you can with regards to the incident that occurred, adding names, dates, and so on.
- Expressing your negative emotions in an offensive way. You can afford yourself to express reasonable disappointment in your complaint letter, but not your rage.
- Sending a handwritten copy of the complaint letter. This reduces the seriousness of your claim, especially if the letter contains grammatical and punctuation mistakes.
- Threatening legal action in your first communication. First of all, try to negotiate with a resolution to your problem. Mention legal action only when you see that your recipient isn’t willing to satisfy your requests.
See our complaint letter samples here.