Possessive Nouns


What is a Possessive?

We can guarantee you that you cannot speak the English language without using possessives (or possessive determiners, speaking in smart language). Possessives are everywhere, and you most likely use them regardless of whether you know what it is or not, because a possessive determiner lets you indicate that a certain object is in someone’s or something’s belonging.

How to Indicate Possession?

There are two ways to determine possession.

1. Put ‘s at the end of a noun, which marks an owner. This may be not only a human (or even a living) being, but literally anything.


– father’s son
– castle’s defense
– dog’s bone
– Newton’s physics
– stars’ specter

Note that in the case of there being more than one owner, you simply put s’ at the end, instead of s‘s.This means there is no need to write spiders’s food, as you only need to mark the “s” at the end to show more than one owner.

2. Using the possessive preposition of will also create a possession. However, this method is a bit tricky compared to the first one, because you must put of before the owner, but after a possessed thing. Besides, possessions created through this proposition may sometimes look weird or archaic.

– a book of my sister
– John of Seattle
– laws of nature
– The Constitution of the United States


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