Grammar Handbook

We have arranged dozens of guides and samples on grammar and the technical side of writing to help anyone improve his or her writing in this respect.

Balance of Commas

Commas are commonly used either too often or too little. It is a plague in a writer’s style when either of these instances happen. The…

Sentences Using Time Expressions

English expressions of time (those that indicate a specific time period during which certain events occur) generally follow the main rules of syntax, which you…

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

What is It? The present perfect continuous tense shows how an action which started in the past is still going on. When to Use? Cases…

Prepositions in English

What is a Preposition? We can think of prepositions (on, at, in…) as small verbs that help describe something. But without a word following it…

Past Perfect Subjunctive Tense

What is It? Using had + past verb (past particle) to express actions or events that could of happened or someone had wished had happened.…

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

What is It? The past perfect continuous is had been + a verb in passive voice (past particle). When to Use? Cases Examples *Show that…

Past Habitual Tense

What is It? It deals with the verbs used to or would, or the simple past tense of a verb (I saw, you called). When…

Past Intensive Tense

What is It? It lets readers know an event happened for sure by confirmation. When to Use? Case Examples * To make clear how a…

How to Avoid Inconsistencies

What is Inconsistent Writing? Imagine you have written three chapters of your novel, describing the main character as a nice person with pleasant manners and…

Frequently Misused Words

What is Incorrect Word Usage? Along with words that are usually misspelled (such as “there” and “their,” for example) there is also a group of…

Typo Mistakes

What is a Typo? Any skilled writer is familiar with such a typical but pesky flaw as typos. A typo is often an entirely mechanical…

Possessive Nouns

What is a Possessive? We can guarantee you that you cannot speak the English language without using possessives (or possessive determiners, speaking in smart language).…

Syntax in English

What is Syntax? Syntax is a crucial part of English grammar. In general, syntax is a system of principles used to organize words in sentences.…

Parallel Sentence Structure

What is It? A pattern or list of words with each word having the same importance or having the same form. -ing Phrases Examples: David…

Present Simple Tense

What is It? The present simple tense is needed to show long-term and permanent actions. When to Use? Cases and Examples * To indicate actions…

Present Continuous Tense

What is It? The present continuous tense shows that an action or event is happening now and will be happening in the future as well.…

Past Continuous Tense

What is It? It shows unfinished actions in the past―such that have begun before now, and are still in process at the moment of speaking.…

Future Simple Tense

What is It? Future tense is needed to show that certain events are just about to happen. When to Use? Cases: * When a future…

Future in the Past Tense

What is It? It is used to show that in the past, a speaker thought about something that would happen in future. It does not…

Future Perfect Tense

What is It? Uses will have + a verb in the past tense (part particle) or am/is/are + going to have + a verb in…

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Grammar Handbook Samples

Mistakes: Commas and Apostrophes

Misuse of Commas Too Many Examples: “I was a bouncer, at a club, that hosted rock bands, such as The Conversations.” “There was, a giant…

Word Usage Examples

Clarification of ‘That’ and ‘Which’ That is used in what’s called restrictive clauses. Restrictive clauses are phrases that cannot be taken out without changing the meaning…

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