What’s the Difference Between Independent and Subordinate Clauses?
English sentences can exist in the form of both independent and subordinate clauses. An independent clause is a complete sentence, which contains a subject, a verb, and conveys a complete thought (or thoughts), which has a meaning that is clear.
e.g. Jane and I (subjects) have always been (verb) good friends (predicate).
In its turn, a subordinate clause possesses a subject and a verb as well, but it does not convey a complete thought. Even when they make sense on their own, they still depend on the context in which they have been used. Subordinate clauses usually begin with conjunctions such as while, where, unless, though, because, whereas, since, and so on.
e.g. My sister winched because the door squeaked.
Word Order in Subordinate Sentences
The general rule is that the word order is the same as in regular affirmative sentences; as for conjunctions, they are often placed between clauses. However, there are nuances:
1. Clauses starting with “wh’ question words (such as when or where) from which certain clauses are usually started, can be confusing, as they often make a declaration look like a question. However, the word order in such clauses remains the same as in affirmative sentences.
e.g. I have no idea who this guy is (despite the word “who” the sentences remains declarative, and the word order does not change).
2. The same word order in subordinate clauses is kept even in questions.
e.g. Do you know who they are?
“Do you know who are they?”
This is because “who they are” is a subordinate clause, whereas “do you know” is the actual question.
Did you like this guide / sample?
Sign up and we’ll send you ebook of 1254 samples like this for free!
- Thesis statement and compare contrast essay asked by anonymous
- Which of the following would best work as the title of an explanatory essay? asked by anonymous
- Gender stereotypes persuasive essay asked by anonymous
- Divergent Novel Thesis Statement asked by anonymous
- sending tickets for an event asked by anonymous