Free APSA Citation Generator by Academichelp

Quit stressing over creating a proper reference page for your academic work. Use AcademicHelp Apsa Citation Generator for a quick and simple citing process.

Meet the Essential Features of the AcademicHelp's APSA Citation Machine

Correct APSA Citations
Comprehensive APSA Referencing
Media Source Citing

Automated and efficient APSA style generator

The AcademicHelp APSA citation generator is specifically designed for political science students and researchers, aligning with the American Political Science Association's guidelines. The generator expertly handles various source types, from traditional books and journals to contemporary digital media like podcasts and videos. It ensures every citation is precise, every reference list is comprehensive, and all APSA style rules are meticulously followed.

What is American Political Science Association Format

APSA (or American Political Science Association) is a formatting style used to properly prepare and reference manuscripts to be published in APSA journals. In most cases, it follows the guidelines of the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition (CMS). The main difference between these two citation rules is that in APSA you need to spell out both cardinal and ordinal numbers zero through nine in the text.

The APSA format sets specific rules for the type of content included in manuscripts, software to use for writing, and layout of the future publication. It is mostly used by scientific professionals writing in the fields of physical, natural, and social sciences.

General Rules for APSA Citation Machine References

The general American Political Science Association Style Guide was created to ensure consistency and clarity in academic writing, allowing easy navigation through text. Therefore, the reference list must include all the sources used by the author to create the paper. Each reference should be linked to at least one parenthetical citation within the manuscript.

For references, APSA uses an author-date style, where the year of publication is the second element in a reference, following the author’s name. This differentiates it from the notes and bibliography style of the Chicago Style 17th edition.

The general structure of the source reference should go as follows:

  1. Each part of a reference is separated by a period, with each part starting with a capital letter unless it is a lowercase part of a name.
  2. Names should be given as they appear in the source. The first author’s name is inverted (last name, first name), but subsequent authors’ names are not. Use ‘and’, not an ampersand (‘&’). For sources with ten or more authors, list the first seven followed by ‘et al.’ (do not use this abbreviation in any other case)
  3. If an organization, association, or corporation is the author, list it as such. Abbreviations are allowed but must be followed by the full name in the first reference.
  4. If no author is listed for the source, but editors or translators are, they are mentioned in the author’s place, with ‘ed.’, ‘eds.’, or ‘trans.’ following their names, preceded by a comma.
  5. In case there is no author, editor, translator, or sponsoring organization, the source title is used as the author.
  6. If the source was found, read, or used online, you should have a direct link to it, alongside all the citation data listed above. The order for citing such online sources is the following: DOI (digital object identifier), a permalink URL (uniform resource locator), and a short version of the URL.

Citing books, multivolume works, periodicals, and online content such as social media, websites, or blogs, requires the following of a separate set of rules. To find that information refer to the recent version of the APSA guidelines.

How to Use AcademicHelp APSA Citation Generator

AcademicHelp’s APSA Citation Generators offer two modes: manual and automatic. The first one will most suit you if you have all the information about a book or publication and just need to organize it properly. The second one is for the cases when you have some details, like DOI, link, or title of publication, but find difficulties retrieving all other information.

When you choose a mode that works best for you, all you need to do is enter key information that you have in a specified field and press the button to generate your APSA citations. You will have a properly formatted source just in a few seconds with even a few variations to best suit your style requirements.

How to Create APSA in Text Citation

In-text citations, or parenthetical citations, are brief notes that appear in the text as citations to provide immediate access to the information source used in the paper. These citations are needed to identify references for quotes, paraphrased sentences, summaries, and facts or opinions that are not generally known or easily checked.

Despite following the Chicago Style guidelines, the APSA paper format doesn’t separate two styles on in-text citations (notes and bibliography) but just uses the author-date formatting. Within this style, references are made in parentheses() within the text, not in footnotes or endnotes.

Following the general rules, parenthetical citations should look the following way:

  • Include the last name of the author(s), editor(s), or translator(s) and the year of publication.
  • If you can’t find the year of publication, use the ‘n.d.’ label. If the work is yet to be published, state ‘forthcoming’ in the publication year.
  • The terms usually abbreviated in the reference list (ed. or eds. and trans) are skipped in the in-text citations.
  • No commas should be placed between the last name and publication year.
  • In cases of direct quotes, specific data, or to avoid ambiguity, include page or chapter numbers after the year, separated by a comma.

Parenthetical citations are generally placed at the end of a sentence before the period and aren’t separated by commas. With block quotes or when the author’s name is mentioned in the text, the citation follows the block quote’s punctuation or comes right after the author’s name mentioned in the text.

For more detailed instructions on citations with multiple authors or several works by one author, as well as other special cases in APSA, refer to the most recent version of the APSA manual.


What is an APSA citation?

APSA citation is a formatting style introduced by the American Political Science Association to organize manuscripts and properly prepare them for publication in APSA Journals. This citation style is largely used by specialists in the fields of physical, natural, and social sciences.

How do you cite in APSA format?

APSA format primarily uses an author-date style for both reference lists and in-text citations. All you have to do is gather the primary information such as the author’s name, publication date, title of the work, publisher’s details (name, city, date), and DOI and URL if you found the source online. If you are referencing information from a specific chapter you will need to list the chapter numbers as well. To help you make this process easier and quicker, you can use AcademicHelp’s Free APSA citation generator.

How do you cite APSA websites?

To list a website in APSA formatting style, you need to include the following information in the precise order: Full name of author(s), editor(s), translator(s) or, if none are listed, the name of the institution standing in for one; publication year; full page title (with quotes); title of the website; if applicable – month, date, and time; DOI, URL, or database name, if applicable.

If you need to cite a news website or blog post – refer to the APSA manual for more detailed guidelines. If you want to make the citing of a website easier, you can use Free APSA Citation Generator by AcademicHelp.

How do you cite an APSA book?

To cite a book, you need to include the full name of the author(s), editor(s), translator(s), or institution, publication year, and title of the book, including subtitle; for citing chapters – include the chapter title, followed by the book title in italics. If it’s not the first edition, specify the edition number and include the series title if applicable, not using italics or quotes. If other than the author, list the names of editors and translators. For multivolume works, include the volume cited. Indicate a page range if you cite a specific section or chapter. Then list the publisher, city of publication, and date. If it's an online or electronic book, include DOI or URL.


Register | Lost your password?